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Speak Koine (Biblical) Greek 7 – Pronunciation 2

As in the previous article, if you are just speaking the verses you can skip this article until you are ready to learn to read the Greek. If you are reading the Greek, you must be wondering what a lot of those marks are around the different letters in the text.

In this lesson we will look at these variations on the sounds, as when they are combined to make diphthongs, nasal gammas, iota subscripts, and have breathing marks. We will also discuss a little bit about punctuation and accents.

Diphthongs

A diphthong is the sound made when two vowels are combined to make a single sound.

Diphthongs

Iota Subscripts

Sometimes when you’re reading you will find an iota underneath vowels, the alpha, the eta, or the omega:

These are just writing conventions, and do not change the pronunciation.

Gamma Nasals

An example is:

 

Breathing Marks

Notice the breathing mark above the eta:

This breathing mark, similar to an English opening single quote, adds an “h” sound to the vowel sound:

This is called a rough breathing mark

Note that there is another breathing mark, called a smooth breathing mark.

This breathing mark, similar to an English closing single quote, adds no sound to the vowel sound:

Punctuation

There are four punctuation marks in biblical Greek:

Punctuation

Accent marks

In English we have a single accent mark. Biblical Greek has three accents:

Accents

Accent marks are shown over vowels, and in the case of diphthongs, over the second vowel.  The only thing that we are going to address here is that any syllable with an accent mark is stressed above the others.

Example

In the verse we are currently working on we see a number of examples from this lesson.

Greek Diacriticals

 

Also, there are numerous diphthongs in the above example.  See if you can find them.

© copyright 2011 Mark W Smith, all rights reserved.

September 23rd, 2011 Posted by | Koine (Biblical) Greek | no comments

Speak Koine (Biblical) Greek 6 – Pronunciation 1

There are two different approaches to learning these lessons. First is to simply learn the language like someone does as a child, just listen and repeat. The second is to also try to read the words that are included in the lesson.

If, for right now, you are just listening to the audio, then you can skip this lesson and come back to it when you want to start reading the words.

If you are reading the words, then you need to learn the sounds associated with the letters. In this first lesson on pronunciation we will just look at the sounds that are normally associated with the letters of the alphabet. In the next lesson we will look at the variations on the sounds, as and when they are combined to make diphthongs, nasal gammas, iota subscripts, and have breathing marks. We will also discuss a little bit about  accents  and punctuation in that lesson also.

Greek Alphabet

Note: just as in English there are both long and short forms of certain vowels; alpha, iota, and upsilon. Epsilon is always short because eta is its long form and omicron is always short with omega as its long form.

© copyright 2011 Mark W Smith, all rights reserved.

September 23rd, 2011 Posted by | Koine (Biblical) Greek | no comments

Speak Koine (Biblical) Greek 5 – John 14:6b

John 14:6 one of the great proclamations about himself that Jesus made.  I break the verse down into three parts to make it easier to learn.   The first part was in the previous article and this is the second part.  Play the link below to learn the verse in Greek and to practice.

John14:6b Audio (click link to hear audio)

I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father unless by me. (John 14:6b Darby)

The koine Greek for this verse looks like this:

John14:6b In Greek

Here is a breakdown of the Greek words and their meanings.

John 14:6b Word for Word Breakdown

John14:6b In Greek Breakdown

Practice makes perfect.  Practice saying the verse, as well as the individual words and meanings.

 

© copyright 2011 Mark W Smith, all rights reserved.

September 23rd, 2011 Posted by | Koine (Biblical) Greek | no comments