OriginalChristianity.Net

Not Traditional, Original

Timeline

The following dates and/or activities are referred to in articles on OriginalChristianity.Net.

Some dates are approximate and/or disputed. Nevertheless, the timeline gives a sense for how things developed.

The source for the date is given to the right of the table.  Check back periodically as this is a work in progress and updates are planned as new articles are posted.

Bookmarks
2nd Century
Council of Nicea
The Reformation
20th Century
Legend of Sources
Date Source page
490 BC Heraclitus of Ephesus views creation as the result of an all penetrating reason, which is probably the germ of the concept of the Logos in Greek Philosophy 2 4
470-399 BC Socrates taught that man’s morals were the most important object of investigation. Right action is prime, resulting in natural virtue. 2 5
427-347 BC Plato emphasized that ideas were the realm of the soul, and the cause of phenomena, that good rules the world, Important are truth, beauty, and goodness. 2 5
384-322 BC Aristotle teaches that man is not only body and soul, but also has a divine spark of the Logos which is immortal 2 6
342-270 BC Epicurus taught that happiness if the highest aim of man. Himself an ascetic, Epicurean philosopy was adapted by some to mean overindulgence. Epicurus preferred action was withdrawal from disturbance. 2 6
300 BC Euhemerus taught that the gods of old religions were deified men. 2 6
260 BC Stoicism teaches a great ethical system in a modified view of Heraclitus, and can be considered a religion. It teaches that there is universal indwelling reason (Logos) of which our reason is part. This is God in us We should follow reason (over happiness and self indulgence) as our sole pusuit. All people, reagardless of class or station, are free moral agents, and significantly, brothers in this life. Stoicism was thriving in Tarsus in the time of Paul. 2 7
6 BC Jesus Christ was born 1 913
4 BC Herod dies 1 913
6 AD Judea becomes Roman Province 1 913
18-37 Caiaphas is High Priest 1 914
26 John the Baptist starts his ministry 1 914
27 Jesus Christ starts his ministry 1 914
30 Jesus

Christ dies, is resurrected, ascends to Heaven

4 13
30 Pentecost, the initial outpouring of the holy spirit occurs fifty days after Jesus, the Passover lamb, is sacrificed 4 13
34 Stephen becomes the first martyr. 4 34
36 Saul, later Paul, has a vision on the road to Damascus 4 26
40 Simon Magus, a Gnostic, attempts to buy the power of God in Acts 8 1 914
43 Armenia reportedly is evangelized by Thaddeus 4 61
46-48 Paul’s first missionary journey 1 96
48 Jerusalem Council in Acts 15 1 96
49-52 Paul’s second missionary journey 1 96
50-62 Paul writes to the Church 1 915
52 India is reportedly evangelized by Thomas 4 63
60-62 Paul in Rome 1 915
63 Peter in Rome (if he actually went to Rome) 1 915
64 Nero fiddles during the great fire in Rome 1 915
65-70 Paul writes Pastoral Epistles 1 915
66-74 First Jewish War 1 915
70 Docetism appears. (from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Docetism) Docetism is the belief that while Jesus appeared, he didn’t have a physical body.
70 Jerusalem falls 1 916
74 Masada falls 1 916
75 Antioch, Rome, and Ephesus are chief centers of Christianity 2
75-80 Synoptic gospels written 1 916
79 Vesuvius erupts 1 916
80-90 Letter to Hebrews written 1 916
90 Gospel of John and Johanine epistles written 1 917
93 Josephus writes Antiquities of the Jews 1 917
93-97 1 Clement Written. Clement quotes the Old Testament as the word of God. Clement quotes New Testament writings without qualifying them as God’s Word. Two notable doctrinal developments are developed in the epistle, the distinction between laity and clergy (sacerdotalism) and apostolic succession which emphasized the authority of bishops as the rulers of the church. 2 59
95 Book of Revelation written 1 917
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100 Epistle of James written 2
100-120 2 Peter Written 1 917
100-140 Prophets found at Rome as late as the time of Hermas. Hermas wrote the Shepherd which was read alongside the Gospels, including the Gospel of Barnabas in services 2 37, 40
110-117 Epistles of Ignatius written. The Catholic movement starts whereby all churches everywhere are universally (“catholically”) under the hierarchy of the bishops who are declared to be the replacement for the apostles and prophets. 2 40
110-140 Bishop Papias of Hierapolis writes that he eagerly awaits for times when he can listen to one of the Lord’s disciples to come by because he said, “For I considered that I should not get so much advantage from matter in books as from the voice which yet lives and remains.” (date from http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/papias.html)
111-113 Pliny the younger writes to Trajan on how to deal with Christians. 4 36
131 Barnabas was written. 2 37
135-160 Gnosticism is at the height of its influence 2 51
136 Valentinus, Gnostic teacher, arrives in Rome 4 42
143 Marcion writes The Contradictions 1 919
144 Marcion is excommunicated 4 42
150 Justin Martyr write First Apology 4 75
150 The first great Christian school of higher learning, the Catechetical school of higher learning was established in Alexandria, the greatest city of the ancient Mediterranean world. 4 46
2nd century Charismatic activity * Justin Martyr argues that God has transferred the gift of prophecy and miracles from Judaism to the Church. 3 1227
* Irenaeus, Hippolytus, and Tertullian write about various gifts and miracles including prophecy, discerning of spirits, raising people from the dead, gifts of healing, and receiving revelations. 3 1227
153 The Gospels are read along side the Old Testament prophets in the services in Rome. 2 57
153 Justyn Martyr wrote Second Apology 1 921
165 Polycarp is martyred 1 919
156 Montanus proclaims himself the instrument of the holy spirit. 2 56
160-170 In II Clement, which is an anonymous sermon, we have the first clear instance of apostolic writings elevated to the status of Scripture. 2 59
160 Montanism is proclaimed by the bishops of Asia minor as heresy. Nevertheless the movement spreads. 2 56
165 Polycarp is martyred 1 919
165 Hippolytus, the anti-pope, is born 4 31
175 Tatian’s Diatesseron, the synthesization of the 4 gospels into one is written. It becomes very popular 4 31
180 Irenaeus writes Against the Heresies 4 75
185 Irenaeus writes that the apostles did not preach until they had the “perfect knowledge” of the gospel. 2 57
185 Irenaeus writes that the church is the depository of Christian teaching, of view it is held commonly by Catholic leaders. This is in response somewhat to the Gnostic claim that they held the “wisdom among the perfect”. 2 57
185-254 Origen lives in Alexandria, becomes leader of the school there, eventually beomes a martyr. Origen was labeled a heretic later in Christendom for making the son inferior to the father and other doctrines. 4 46
200 Hippolytus claims the bishopric of Rome after disagreeing with the theology of Bishop Zephyrinus, and convinces local churches to join him 4 33
3rd century charismatic activity * Tertullian writes of the prophecy in the Montanists movement and provides stories with revelations and visions. 3 1227
* Origen of Alexandria writes that the gifts continue to be experienced in the church. He notes healings, xorcisms with accompanying signs and wonders.
* Gregory of Thaumaturgis is noted for incredible manifestations including prophecy, healing, and great signs and wonders.
* Athanasius describes charismatic saints in the desert.
301 Tiridates proclaims Christianity the official religion of Armenia 4 63
313 Constantine issues the edict of Milan that not only is tolerant of Christians but restores their property to them without recompence. 4 49
321 Constantine declares Sunday as the day of rest for Christians. 4 55
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325 Constantine and Eusebius convene the Council of Nicea which declares that Jesus is of one substance with the Father 1 941
4th century charismatic activity * Augustine reports healings and miracles. 3 1228
384 Augustine is born. Augustine marks the beginning of the age of scholasticism 1 954
357? The Council of Sirmium reverses the Nicene creed making Arius’ view the legitimate doctrine 3 949
381 The 3rd Council of Constantinople; The doctrine of the Trinity is established making Jesus and the holy spirit persons of the Godhood. 1 635
397 The Catholic church created the official canon of scripture at the Council of Carthage 4 957
431 Nestorius is condemned for declaing that Mary is not the mother of God and the “theotokos” doctrine, Mary is the mother of God, is declared 4 94
451 The Council of Chalcedon. A major schism starts as Armenian and Malakara churches split off. 4 61
6th century charismatic activity * Gregory the Great writes of healings, raising the dead to life, prophecies and other miracles. 3 1228
11th century charismatic activity * Symeon writes of a “baptism in the Holy Spirit” and other spiritual phenomenon. 3 1228
12th to 14th century charismatic activity * Hildegard of Bingen is noted for prophecy, miracles and other spiritual manifestations. 3 1228
* Athanasius of Constantinople is known for healing the sick, delivering the possessed, and other miracles.
* Gregory Palamas is known for our the laying on of hands to bring about gifts of healing, miracles, knowledge, wisdom, tongues, and interpretation of tongues.
* Bonaventure reports that Francis Assisi is empowered by the Holy Spirit. Francis manifests prophecy, casting out of doubles, healing the sick, and other miracles.
* Vincent Ferrer manifests miracles, healings, and raising the dead.
1347- The plague hits Europe. By the end of the 14th century it had recurred five times and killed upwards of 25 million, about one third the population of western Europe 4 163
1348 Pope Clement VI had to proclaim that the Jews were not the cause of the plague. 4 163
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1517 Martin Luther posts his 95 theses challenging that papal indulgences are a corrupt practice. The papacy responds by trying to quash him. With aristocratic support, churches align with Luther and the Reformation begins. 4 187
1525 George Blauraock asks Conrad Grebel to “rebaptize” him, the Anabaptist movement starts 2 326
1531 Michael Servetus published De Trinitas Erroribus 2 355
1536 Calvin publishes the first edition of Institutes of the Christian Religion 2 350
1553 Michael Servetus burned at the stake by Protestant authorities for his belief in unitarianism 2 356
1559 Calvin publishes the final edition of Institutes of the Christian Religion 2 350
16th century charismatic activity * Ignatius Loyola, founder of the Jesuits, receives visions, and tongues. 3 1229
1650 Ussher declares the creation of the world in 4004 BC using a literal rendering of the bible and working the dates stated in the bible backwards to the beginning (from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Ussher)
17th century charismatic activity * The Quakers are known for their “inner light.” They record visions, healings, and prophecy. 3 1230
* The Prophets of the Cavennes in France, Protestant resistance fighters, are noted for prophecy and tongues.
* Jansenists are noted for their prophecy, healings, signs, and wonders.
18th century charismatic activity * Jonathan Edwards in the first great awakening notes genuine workings of the spirit. 3 1230
* John Wesley was noted to be tolerant of followers who claim to dreams, visions, healings and revelations. He calls earlier prophet a group such as the Montanists, “real, scriptural Christians.”
19th century charismatic activity * The West of Scotland revival in 1830 noted prophecy, healings, tongues, and interpretation of tongues. 3 1231
* AMD Simpson, founder of the Christian missionary alliance, considers the possible reappearance of the gift of tongues and refers to actual occurrences in India and Africa.
* Reportedly there are about 900,000 African Christians who have experienced phenomena like at Pentecost.
19th Century developments Liberal Christianity develops in response to Literary Criticism 5 256
Fundamentalism emerges as a response to Liberal Chrisitianity
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1906 Pentecostalism revives at the Azusa Street revival. Believers peak in tongues, prophesy, and manifest other manifestations 5 254
20th century charismatic activity * Charles F. Parham travels to Shiloh, but the main, where he hears speaking in tongues taught at a school. He begins teaching and praying for the pouring out of the spirit. Students report speaking in tongues. 3 1232
* By the end of the 20th century there are numerous Pentecostal churches, and the charismatic movement in which spiritual manifestations are seen in mainline churches is widespread.

Legend of Sources

Number Source
1 THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY, W.H.C. Frend, Fortress House, Philadelphia, 1984
2 A HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH, Williston Walker, Scribners, New York, 1959
3 INTERNATIONAL DICTIONARY OF PENTECOSTAL CHARISMATIC MOVEMENTS, Stanley Burgess, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 2000
4 THE STORY OF CHRISTIANITY, David Bentley Hart, Quercus, London, 2007
5 THE STORY OF CHRISTIANITY, Justo L Gonzalez, Harper Collins, New York, 1985

© copyright 2009 Mark W Smith, All rights reserved.

Biblical references are from the ASV version unless otherwise noted.
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