Speak Koine (Biblical) Greek 21 – Pronunciation 6

In the last lesson we looked at:

Lord's Prayer 2

Hallowed be your name.
Your kingdom come,
your will be done. (Matthew 6:9c-10a EMTV)

In these lines we see two different Greek words for the English Word “the”.  This is because there are nouns that are different genders.

In fact, there are three genders, masculine, feminine, and neuter, and the article used depends on the gender and number.  When you talk about nouns and articles it is customary to talk about the nominative singular form.  Just remember that there are forms for the nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and vocative forms, and that they are different for the singular and the plural.  The following is the nominative singular form of the article:

Articles In Greek

The form of the article provides very useful information.  From the article we know the gender of the noun used.  And since often the article endings match the noun endings learning the article endings goes a long way to knowing the endings for nouns.  Just be aware that, just as in English, words don’t always conform to the rules.

While we are here this is a good place to note that Koine Greek doesn’t have an indefinite article (“a”) like we have in English.  From the context translators add an article when necessary.

Play the link below to learn the words in Greek and to practice.

Greek Articles Pronunciation Audio (click link to hear audio)

© copyright 2011 Mark W Smith, all rights reserved.

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